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The four management styles you may adopt as a leader

The four management styles you may adopt as a leader
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Saturday, July 10, 2021

There are four broad management styles that can be identified when applying these characteristics to how certain managers go about their job. These styles include:

  1. autocratic, authoritarian, dictatorial, directive, persuasive
  2. consultative
  3. participative
  4. democratic, laissez-faire, free-rein

A manager will adopt a specific style and use that style to carry out the tasks and functions associated with their specific job. In some cases, the manager may adopt what is referred to as the 'contingency or situational' approach to their management style. This means that the manager will assess the current situation and then, dependent upon what that situation is, they will adopt a management style that is appropriate to that situation.

In most cases, however, the manager will display the characteristics of one of the management styles identified above. Which management style a manager adopts will be determined by one or a combination of the following factors:

P - personality. The personality of the individual manager along with the type and level of education they were exposed to, what the manager has learned from previous managerial role models, and the extent of both the manager's personal and professional development

E - employees. The number of employees for whom that manager has responsibility and the skill level and motivational level of these employees, together with the capacity of these employees to make decisions about their work practices and procedures

T - tasks. The type of tasks that have to be performed by the manager and the employees, the level of risk associated with the tasks, and the timeline within which the tasks must be completed satisfactorily

C - constraints. The environmental factors which might impact on the way that the manager might operate, both the internal and external factors along with the normal daily constraints of time, cost and resources associated with the specific tasks and procedures to be carried out by the manager

C - culture. The culture of the organisation will determine to a large extent the management style that will be exhibited by an individual manager. Organisations tend, in the main, to employ 'like' people and, therefore, managers will tend to exhibit similar management style except where the organisation is based on a diversity of its personnel and managers. The management style adopted will need to enable the organisation to achieve its long-term objectives as set out in the vision or mission statement.